Search result: 18 articles

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Article

Access_open De blinde vlek in praktijk en discussie rond orgaandonatie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue Pre-publications 2019
Keywords organ donation, ethics of organ donation, symbolic nature of the human body, ethics and ritual, symbolic legislation theory
Authors Herman De Dijn
AbstractAuthor's information

    In countries like Belgium and The Netherlands, there seems to be overwhelming public acceptance of transplantation and organ donation. Yet, paradoxically, part of the public refuses post-mortal donation of their own organs or of those of family members. It is customary within the transplantation context to accept the refusal of organ donation by family members “in order to accommodate their feelings”. I argue that this attitude does not take seriously what is really behind the refusal of donation by (at least some) family members. My hypothesis is that even in very secularized societies, this refusal is determined by cultural-symbolic attitudes vis-à-vis the (dead) human body (and some of its parts). The blind spot for this reality, both in the practice of and discussions around organ donation, prevents understanding of what is producing the paradox mentioned.


Herman De Dijn
Herman De Dijn is emeritus hoogleraar wijsbegeerte aan de KU Leuven.
Article

Access_open Positieve uitlokking van ethisch hacken

Een onderzoek naar responsible-disclosurebeleid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2017
Keywords ethical hacking, responsible disclosure, positive incitement, negative incitement, intrinsic desirability
Authors Karel Harms
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this contribution, the Dutch government’s acceptance of ethical hacking, by implementing a policy of responsible disclosure, is considered to be a beneficent development. Ethical hacking contributes to cybersecurity and is intrinsically desirable. The term positive incitement is proposed to describe the relatively new phenomenon of encouraging ethical hacking. Positive incitement will be analysed by making a comparison to the Dutch toleration policy regarding soft drugs, and to incitement by law enforcement. Positive incitement should not change into negative incitement, which would result in a serious breach of the rights of ethical hackers. Furthermore, it is argued that the intrinsic value of ethical hacking can justify searching for vulnerabilities in systems of organisations who do not approve of this in advance.


Karel Harms
Karel Harms studeert aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en volgt de master Rechtswetenschappelijk onderzoek.
Article

Access_open Terug naar het begin: Een onderzoek naar het principe van constituerende macht

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2015
Keywords constituent power, legitimacy, representation, collective action, ontology
Authors Nora Timmermans Ph.D.
AbstractAuthor's information

    In dit artikel argumenteer ik dat er twee mogelijke invullingen zijn voor het principe van constituerende macht. De eerste mogelijkheid is deze van de klassieke basisveronderstelling van de constitutionele democratie, namelijk dat de gemeenschap zelf vorm kan en moet geven aan de fundamentele regels die die gemeenschap beheersen. Hans Lindahl maakt een interessante analyse van deze traditionele invulling, die ik kritisch zal benaderen. Lindahl heeft immers zelf scherpe kritiek op de invulling die Antonio Negri aan het concept constituerende macht geeft. Mijn interpretatie gaat er echter van uit dat Negri een fundamenteel andere inhoud geeft aan het principe van constituerende macht, waarbij constituerende macht niet alleen wordt losgemaakt van het constitutionalisme, maar meer algemeen van elk rechtssysteem en zelfs van elke vorm van finaliteit. Deze argumentatie werpt een nieuw licht op het debat rond Negri’s theorie van constituerende macht, waarin diens meest fundamentele uitgangspunt vaak over het hoofd wordt gezien.


Nora Timmermans Ph.D.
Nora Timmermans is Master in Philosophy and currently a Ph.D. Student.

Paul De Hert
Paul De Hert is Professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB) and head of the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Law. He is also the Director of the VUB’s Research Group on Fundamental Rights (FRC).
Article

Access_open ‘God hath given the world to men in common’

Grenzen aan privé-eigendom in geval van nood en verspilling in het middeleeuwse en vroegmoderne natuurrecht

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2013
Keywords natural law, property, rights of the poor, extreme necessity, necessitas urgens et evidens
Authors Marc de Wilde
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article examines what limitations to private property John Locke recognizes to protect the rights of the poor. As has been pointed out in the literature, Locke’s ideas on the limitations to private property have been influenced by medieval discussions about the rights of the poor and the principle of extreme necessity. Confirming this interpretation, the article shows that Locke borrows the distinction between ‘ordinary need’ and ‘evident and urgent necessity’ from Thomas Aquinas. Taking position in a debate among Grotius and Pufendorf, Locke argues that the poor have a natural right to the ‘surplus’ of somebody else’s possessions, and that this right becomes legally enforceable in case of ‘evident and urgent necessity.’


Marc de Wilde
Marc de Wilde is Professor of Legal Theory at the University of Amsterdam.
Miscellaneous

Access_open De onschuld voorbij

Jeff McMahans Killing in War

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2011
Keywords just war, non-combatant immunity, self-defense
Authors Koos ten Bras and Thomas Mertens
AbstractAuthor's information

    Jeff McMahan, one of the leading contemporary writers on ‘just war thinking’, argues in the book under review, Killing in War, that one of the central tenets of the ‘ius in bello’, namely the moral equality of combatants, is both conceptually and morally untenable. This results from a reflection upon and a departure from two basic assumptions in Walzer’s work, namely the idea that war itself isn’t a relation between persons, but between political entities and their human instruments and the idea that the ‘ius ad bellum’ and ‘ius in bello’ are and should be kept distinct. This book merits serious reflection. However, the disadvantages of McMahan’s position are obvious. If the rights of combatants during war depend on the justice of their cause, the immunity of the civilians on the side of the supposed ‘unjust’ enemy is seriously endangered.


Koos ten Bras
Koos ten Bras is a recent university graduate from the Radboud University Nijmegen with a master degree in International & European Law, and a student in Philosophy of Law at the Radboud University Nijmegen.

Thomas Mertens
Thomas Mertens is Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law at Radboud University Nijmegen, and Professor of Human Rights and Human Responsibilities at the Institute of Philosophy at Leiden University.
Article

Access_open Burgerlijk procesrecht en ideologie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2011
Keywords civil procedure, ideology, principles of procedural law
Authors Remme Verkerk
AbstractAuthor's information

    This contribution offers a partial explanation of the differences between procedural systems. In most jurisdictions, civil procedural regulations constitute a carefully designed system. Generally, a number of underlying principles, guidelines, theories and objectives can be identified that clarify and justify more specific rules of procedure. It will be argued that the main differences between legal systems flow from different political and theoretical views of those who determine and shape the form of the legal process. This contribution identifies the ideological influences on the rules of procedure in a number of influential jurisdictions.


Remme Verkerk
Remme Verkerk was Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. Presently he practices law at Houthoff Buruma.
Book Review

Access_open B.C. van Beers, Persoon en lichaam in het recht

Menselijke waardigheid en zelfbeschikking in het tijdperk van de medische biotechnologie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2010
Authors Martin Buijsen
AbstractAuthor's information

    Martin Buijsen’s book review of B.C. van Beers, Persoon en lichaam in het recht. Menselijke waardigheid en zelfbeschikking in het tijdperk van de medische biotechnologie


Martin Buijsen
Martin Buijsen is professor of Health Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Mireille Hildebrandt
Mireille Hildebrandt is associate professor of Jurisprudence at Erasmus University Rotterdam and Senior Researcher at the Centre for Law Science Technology and Society, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Book Review

Access_open Olivier Beaud, Théorie de la Fédération.

Paris: Presses universitaire de France 2007, 433 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords Europese unie, idee, lidstaat, merk, akkoord, eindproduct, fout, levering, munitie, noodzakelijkheid
Authors T. Holterm

T. Holterm
Article

Access_open Democratie als politiek systeem, als idee en als levenshouding: Reactie op het artikel 'Democratie zonder volk' van Hong Quoc Loc

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2007
Keywords democratie, idee, verhaal, meerderheidsregel, algemeen belang, voorwaarde, citaat, kind, arrangement, doding
Authors K. Wal

K. Wal
Article

Access_open Daderkennis, politiekennis en sturend verhoren

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2006
Keywords politie, bekentenis, cheque, delinquent, misdrijf, bewijslast, diefstal, inning, proces-verbaal, fout
Authors H. Israëls and P.J. Koppen

H. Israëls

P.J. Koppen
Book Review

Access_open J. Bröhmer, Transparenz als Verfassungsprinzip. Grundgesetz und Europäische Union.

Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck) 2004, xx + 422 p. / B. Grzeszick, Rechte und Ansprüche. Eine Rekonstruktion des Staatshaftungsrechts aus

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords auteur, transparantie, aansprakelijkheid, bestuurder, overeenkomst, wettekst, algemeen rechtsbeginsel, beleidsregel, brancheorganisatie, burgerlijk recht
Authors H. Gribnau

H. Gribnau
Article

Access_open De legitimiteit van humanitaire interventies; Preadvies Vereniging voor Wijsbegeerte van het Recht

vergadering van 18 juni 2004

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords tussenkomst, reputatie, geweld, legitimiteit, mandaat, democratie, rechtmatigheid, vertegenwoordiger, vertegenwoordiging, kiesrecht
Authors R. Janse

R. Janse
Article

Access_open Rechtsfilosofische annotaties

HR 26 januari 1990, NJ 1990, 794

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords rechtvaardigingsgrond, rechtmatigheid, onrechtmatigheid, schulduitsluitingsgrond, toestemming, schadevergoeding, delinquent, zaakschade, eigendom, politie
Authors J.C. Hage

J.C. Hage
Article

Access_open Het (de)constructivisme van Duncan Kennedy

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2004
Keywords arbeider, burgerlijk recht, getuige, idee, moeder, onrechtmatige daad, overleden, student, toegankelijkheid, toestemming
Authors P. Westerman

P. Westerman
Article

Access_open Strafrecht en Literatuur

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2003
Keywords strafrecht, legaliteitbeginsel, strafrechter, slachtoffer, legaliteit, illegaal, verhaal, verkrachting, toestemming, uitleg
Authors E. Claes

E. Claes
Article

Access_open Hoe particularistisch is het oordeel van de strafrechter?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2002
Keywords strafrechter, strafrecht, misdrijf, kwaliteit, verkrachting, huwelijk, auteur, uitleg, voorwaarde, verbod
Authors E. Claes

E. Claes
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