Search result: 33 articles

x
Article

Access_open Broken rules, ruined lives

Een verkenning van de normativiteit van de onrechtservaring

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2019
Keywords onrecht, Slachtofferrechten, Benjamin, Shklar
Authors Nanda Oudejans and Antony Pemberton
AbstractAuthor's information

    Hoewel de rechtspositie van slachtoffers de afgelopen decennia verstevigd lijkt, blijft de relatie tussen slachtoffer en strafrecht ongemakkelijk. Rechtswetenschappers tonen zich bezorgd dat de toenemende aandacht voor de belangen van slachtoffers uitmondt in ‘geïnstitutionaliseerde wreedheid.’ Deze zorg wordt echter gevoed door een verkeerd begrip van slachtofferschap en heeft slecht begrepen wat het slachtoffer nu eigenlijk van het recht verlangt. Deze bijdrage probeert de vraag van het slachtoffer aan het recht tot begrip te brengen. Wij zullen de onrechtservaring van het slachtoffer conceptualiseren als een ontologisch alleen en verlaten zijn van het slachtoffer. Het aanknopingspunt om de relatie tussen slachtoffer en recht opnieuw te denken zoeken wij in deze verlatenheid. De kern van het betoog is dat het slachtoffer (mede) in het recht beschutting zoekt tegen deze verlatenheid, maar ook altijd onvermijdelijk tegen de grenzen van het recht aanloopt. Van een rechtssysteem dat zich volledig uitlevert aan de noden van slachtoffers kan dan ook geen sprake zijn. Integendeel, het recht moet zijn belang voor slachtoffers deels zien in de onderkenning van zijn eigen beperkingen om onrecht te keren, in plaats van de onrechtservaring van het slachtoffer weg te moffelen, te koloniseren of ridiculiseren.


Nanda Oudejans
Nanda Oudejans is universitair docent rechtsfilosofie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar victimologie aan Tilburg University.
Article

Access_open Over verplichte excuses en spreekrecht

Wat is er mis met empirisch-juridisch onderzoek naar slachtoffers?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2017
Keywords empirical legal studies, apologies, procedural justice, humiliation, victim rights
Authors Vincent Geeraets and Wouter Veraart
AbstractAuthor's information

    The central question in this article is whether an empirical-legal approach of victimhood and victim rights could offer a sufficient basis for proposals of legal reform of the legal system. In this article, we choose a normative-critical approach and raise some objections to the way in which part of such research is currently taking place in the Netherlands, on the basis of two examples of research in this field, one dealing with compelled apologies as a possible remedy within civil procedural law and the other with the victim’s right to be heard within the criminal legal procedure. In both cases, we argue, the strong focus on the measurable needs of victims can lead to a relatively instrumental view of the legal system. The legal system must then increasingly be tailored to the wishes and needs of victims. Within this legal-empirical, victim-oriented approach, there is little regard for the general normative principles of our present legal system, in which an equal and respectful treatment of each human being as a free and responsible legal subject is a central value. We argue that results of empirical-legal research should not too easily or too quickly be translated into proposals for legal reform, but first become part of a hermeneutical discussion about norms and legal principles, specific to the normative quality of legal science itself.


Vincent Geeraets
Vincent Geeraets is universitair docent aan de afdeling Rechtstheorie en rechtsgeschiedenis van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is hoogleraar rechtsfilosofie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Rechtspraak en waarheid in Aischylos’ Oresteia en Yael Farbers Molora

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2013
Keywords Oresteia, tragedy, conflict resolution, truth and reconciliation commission, restorative justice
Authors Lukas van den Berge
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article explores the themes of injustice and dehumanization in Aeschylus’ Oresteia and Yael Farber’s Molora, in which the story of the Oresteia is dramatized against the backdrop of post-apartheid South Africa. It is argued that both plays depict wrongdoers and victims alike as social outcasts. Thus, they can both be described with Paul Ricoeur as ‘sketches of a man,’ not being able to live up to their full human potential. Borrowing from Ricoeur’s legal philosophy, it is then explained how public trials and hearings help them to reintegrate into society, in which they can regain their full humanity.


Lukas van den Berge
Lukas van den Berge is researcher at the Montaigne Centre for Judicial Administration and Conflict Resolution of Utrecht University (the Netherlands), where he prepares a dissertation on the theory of administrative procedural law.

Paul De Hert
Paul De Hert is Professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB) and head of the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Law. He is also the Director of the VUB’s Research Group on Fundamental Rights (FRC).
Article

Access_open Recht als human condition

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2013
Keywords homo faber, homo agens, human condition, participatory judgment, law-linked justice, existence-linked justice
Authors Peter van Schilfgaarde
AbstractAuthor's information

    This paper concentrates on the dynamic tension between law as it is ‘made’ by legal professionals, functioning as homo faber, and law as it is experienced by citizens, functioning as homo agens. In between those two worlds, law develops as a human condition, a term borrowed from Hannah Arendt. It is argued that, in regard to law development and administration of justice, the function of homo agens should have priority over the function of homo faber. The two basic faculties that connect the two worlds are judgment and speech. This leads to further thoughts on the character of judgment as ‘participatory judgment,’ the function of ‘middle terms’ in legal language and the concept of ‘shared responsibility.’


Peter van Schilfgaarde
Peter van Schilfgaarde is an Attorney at Law at the Supreme Court of The Netherlands in The Hague and former Professor of Corporate Law at the Universities of Groningen and Utrecht.

Jaap Zwart
Jaap Zwart is Lecturer at the Department of Legal Theory at VU University Amsterdam.

Femke Storm
Femke Storm studied Law and Psychology at VU University Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Is de vrijheid van godsdienst in de moderne multiculturele samenleving nog een hanteerbaar recht?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2010
Keywords freedom of religion, human rights, human dignity, traditional religion, unequal treatment
Authors Koo van der Wal
AbstractAuthor's information

    There are two fundamental problems with regard to the freedom of religion. The first concerns the content and scope of the right; the second, a possible unequal treatment between population groups. The first problem can only be dealt with by a preliminary analysis of the religious phenomenon, which precedes a legal definition. It turns out that there is a range of different types of religion, with on the one hand traditional forms of religion which are narrowly interwoven with the culture in question (all kinds of ‘cultural’ practices possessing a religious dimension), and on the other forms of religion which loosen to a considerable extent the ties between culture and religion. Evidently, the former types of religion cause problems in modern society. An additional problem is that freedom of religion as a modern basic right rests on a view of human being – including the idea of the inherent dignity and autonomy of the human person – which is at odds with the symbolic universe of traditional religion. The conclusion of the article is that in the modern pluralist society freedom of religion is on its way to becoming, or already has become, an unmanageable right. So the problems arising around this right (including that of unequal treatment) can only be solved in a pragmatic, not really satisfactory way. In that context, modern humanitarian standards should be observed in the implementation of the right of freedom of religion because fundamental human rights are connected with a specific concept of humanity.


Koo van der Wal
Koo van der Wal is emeritus professor of Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and the Erasmus University Rotterdam.

    Peter van Schilfgaarde, book review of Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice


Peter van Schilfgaarde
Peter van Schilfgaarde is emeritus professor of corporate law at the law faculties of Utrecht University and the University of Groningen and currently publishes in the field of legal theory.
Article

Access_open Paul Scholten en Herman Dooyeweerd: het gesprek dat nooit plaatsvond

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2010
Keywords Scholten, Dooyeweerd, legal principles, legal reasoning, religion
Authors Bas Hengstmengel
AbstractAuthor's information

    The legal scholars Paul Scholten (1875-1946) and Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977) had much in common. The most significant agreement is their emphasis on the influence of a (religious) worldview on legal scholarship and practice. Unfortunately, they never met to discuss the similarities and differences of their jurisprudential ideas. In this article I try to reconstruct this conversation which never took place. Scholten’s legal thought is specifically oriented to the practice and difficulties of judging. Dooyeweerd above all was a philosopher whose specific philosophy of the modal aspects of reality is the basis for his thinking about the law. Both scholars emphasized the importance of legal principles. They also identified several fundamental legal categories and concepts. However, their methodology is different. The way religion and morality influence their legal thought is also different. A discussion of the contemporary relevance of their work completes the paper.


Bas Hengstmengel
Bas Hengstmengel is a PhD-candidate at Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam. He writes a dissertation on procedural justice.
Article

Access_open 'Sociale vrede' als kelseniaanse voorstelling van rechterlijke rechtvaardigheid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2008
Keywords aansprakelijkheid, rechtspraak, geweld, autonomie, rechtmatigheid, vertaling, auteur, idee, voorwaarde, belanghebbende
Authors M. Notermans

M. Notermans
Book Review

Access_open Koen Lemmens & François Jongen (red.), Recht en literatuur.

Brugge: Die Keure 2007, 263 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2008
Keywords verhaal, verzet, bewijslast, citaat, aansprakelijkheid, descente, doding, echtgenoot, echtgenote, gebrek
Authors C. Elion-Valter

C. Elion-Valter
Book Review

Access_open George Pavlakos, Our Knowledge of the Law - Objectivity and Practice in Legal Theory.

Oxford: Hart Publishing 2007, 267 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2008
Keywords auteur, kenbaarheid, identificatieplicht, noodzakelijkheid, onrechtmatigheid, afzet, belofte, bemiddeling, bewijslast, claim
Authors O. Tans

O. Tans
Article

Access_open Over maatmannen en het subjectieve: Enkele overwegingen bij de doctrine van het aansprakelijkheidsrecht

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords delinquent, aansprakelijkheid, schuld, onrechtmatigheid, opzet, auto, identificatie, loon, onachtzaamheid, onrechtmatige daad
Authors R. Schwitters

R. Schwitters
Book Review

Access_open Patricia Owens, Between War and Politics. International Relations and the Thought of Hannah Arendt.

Oxford: Oxford University Press 2007, 216 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords geweld, idee, nabootsing, verzet, auteur, tussenkomst, bedreiging, inzage, model, verlies
Authors A. Degryse

A. Degryse
Book Review

Access_open Martha Nussbaum, Frontiers of Justice. Disability, Nationality, Species Membership, Cambridge, Mass. & London,

England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 2006, 487 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2007
Keywords dier, claim, gehandicapte, aansprakelijkheid, merk, slachtoffer, vertegenwoordiging, amendement, armoede, bandbreedte
Authors W. Veraart

W. Veraart
Article

Access_open Het zijn net dieren: Over Guantánamo en onszelf

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2007
Keywords dier, gedetineerde, regering, citaat, gevangenis, raad van state, rechtsstaat, aanwijzing, balans, beweeglijkheid
Authors W. Veraart

W. Veraart
Article

Access_open De crisis van het internationaal recht en de zelflegitimatie van de wereldhegemoon

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2007
Keywords bedreiging, verdrag, aansprakelijkheid, ondertekenaar, tussenkomst, geweld, regering, opeising, doding, herstel
Authors J.M. Piret

J.M. Piret
Book Review

Access_open Samuel Fleischacker, A Short History of Distributive Justice.

Cambridge/London: Harvard University Press 2004, 190 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2006
Keywords idee, armoede, repartitie, werknemer, introductie, bezit, gebrek, krediet, ontvanger, vervaardigen
Authors M. Buijsen

M. Buijsen
Article

Access_open Recht, onrecht, gerechtigheid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords idee, geschrift, justitiabele, citaat, bewijslast, mededeling, model, noodzakelijkheid, uitgave, verlies
Authors P. Schilfgaarde

P. Schilfgaarde
Book Review

Access_open Wouter Veraart, Ontrechting en rechtsherstel in Nederland en Frankrijk in de jaren van de bezetting en wederopbouw (diss. EUR).

Deventer: Kluwer 2005, XVII + 630 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords herstel, huurder, rechtspraak, grootouder, kind, rechtsstaat, slachtoffer, aanwijzing, auteur, belangenafweging
Authors E. Schrage

E. Schrage
Showing 1 - 20 of 33 found texts
« 1
You can search full text for articles by entering your search term in the search field. If you click the search button the search results will be shown on a fresh page where the search results can be narrowed down by category or year.