Search result: 24 articles

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Article

Access_open Fenomenologie van het proces van bewijzen in strafzaken

Over de noodzaak van het vooroordeel

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2019
Authors Thomas Jacobus de Jong
Abstract

    In deze bijdrage staat de activiteit van bewijzen in strafzaken centraal. Betoogd wordt dat de vigerende rationalistische opvatting van strafrechtelijk bewijzen eraan voorbij gaat dat het bewijzen zich allereerst voltrekt op een vóór-reflectief niveau. Het primaire blikveld van de mens is namelijk niet het objectiverende kennen, zoals in de rationele bewijstheorieën wordt voorondersteld, maar de praktische relatie tot de wereld. In dit kader wordt eerst de filosofische achtergrond van de rationalistische bewijsopvatting in kaart gebracht, in het bijzonder de invloed van Aristoteles en Descartes. Vervolgens worden de daaruit voortkomende bevindingen aan de hand van ideeën en inzichten die zijn ontleend aan de existentiële fenomenologie kritisch gewaardeerd. Dit leidt tot de uiteenzetting van een hermeneutische opvatting van strafrechtelijk bewijzen.


Thomas Jacobus de Jong
Article

Access_open ‘God’s Friend, the Whole World’s Enemy’

Reconsidering the role of piracy in the development of universal jurisdiction.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2018
Keywords Cicero, Augustine, Bartolus, piracy, universal jurisdiction
Authors Louis Sicking
AbstractAuthor's information

    Piracy holds a special place within the field of international law because of the universal jurisdiction that applies. This article reconsiders the role of piracy in the development of universal jurisdiction. While usually a connection is established between Cicero’s ‘enemy of all’ and modern conceptions of pirates, it is argued that ‘enemy of the human species’ or ‘enemy of humanity’ is a medieval creation, used by Bartolus, which must be understood in the wake of the Renaissance of the twelfth century and the increased interest for the study of Roman Law. The criminalization of the pirate in the late Middle Ages must be understood not only as a consequence of royal power claiming a monopoly of violence at sea. Both the Italian city-states and the Hanse may have preceded royal power in criminalizing pirates. All the while, political motives in doing so were never absent.


Louis Sicking
Louis Sicking is Aemilius Papinianus Professor of History of Public International Law at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and lecturer in medieval and early modern history at Universiteit Leiden.
Article

Access_open Positieve uitlokking van ethisch hacken

Een onderzoek naar responsible-disclosurebeleid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2017
Keywords ethical hacking, responsible disclosure, positive incitement, negative incitement, intrinsic desirability
Authors Karel Harms
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this contribution, the Dutch government’s acceptance of ethical hacking, by implementing a policy of responsible disclosure, is considered to be a beneficent development. Ethical hacking contributes to cybersecurity and is intrinsically desirable. The term positive incitement is proposed to describe the relatively new phenomenon of encouraging ethical hacking. Positive incitement will be analysed by making a comparison to the Dutch toleration policy regarding soft drugs, and to incitement by law enforcement. Positive incitement should not change into negative incitement, which would result in a serious breach of the rights of ethical hackers. Furthermore, it is argued that the intrinsic value of ethical hacking can justify searching for vulnerabilities in systems of organisations who do not approve of this in advance.


Karel Harms
Karel Harms studeert aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en volgt de master Rechtswetenschappelijk onderzoek.

    In this article, we inquire the merits of criminalizing blasphemy. We argue that religious views do not warrant a separate treatment compared to nonreligious ones. In addition, freedom of speech must be balanced against the interest of those who may be aggrieved by blasphemous remarks. We conclude that penalizing blasphemy is undesirable. It is fortunate, in that light, that acts of blasphemy have recently been decriminalized in The Netherlands by removing blasphemy as an offense from the Criminal Code. Still, other provisions appear to leave enough room to reach the same result, making the removal a possibly virtually aesthetic change. In the international context, it would be regrettable for The Netherlands to forgo the opportunity to take a leading role.


Jasper Doomen
Jasper Doomen is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Mirjam van Schaik
Mirjam van Schaik is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.
Miscellaneous

Access_open Strafrecht en liberalisme

Ontwikkelingen rond strafrecht waarover liberalen zich zorgen zouden moeten maken

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2012
Authors Anne Ruth Mackor
Author's information

Anne Ruth Mackor
Anne Ruth Mackor is Professor of Professional Ethics, in particular of legal professions, at the Faculty of Law and Socrates Professor of Professional Ethics at the Faculties of Theology and Philosophy at the University of Groningen.
Article

Access_open Hoe neutraal is kerkfinanciering?

Kritische analyse van het Belgische erkennings- en ondersteuningsbeleid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2012
Keywords liberalism, neutrality, church-state policy, (anti)perfectionism, Belgium
Authors Leni Franken and Patrick Loobuyck
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this article, the authors explore how active state support for religions and worldviews could be in accordance with the principle of liberal neutrality. They focus on the Belgian church-state policy because this policy is characterised by an explicit and extended form of active support for recognised worldviews. If this policy is in accordance with liberal neutrality, some other, weaker forms of state support for religions and worldviews may also be in accordance with this neutrality principle. In the light of these considerations, the authors make some suggestions about possible ways to bring the Belgian church-state policy more in accordance with liberal neutrality.


Leni Franken
Leni Franken is a researcher at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp, where she prepares a PhD on church, state and neutrality.

Patrick Loobuyck
Patrick Loobuyck is Associate Professor at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp and guest professor at the Department of Philosophy and Moral Science at Ghent University.
Article

Access_open Burgerlijk procesrecht en ideologie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2011
Keywords civil procedure, ideology, principles of procedural law
Authors Remme Verkerk
AbstractAuthor's information

    This contribution offers a partial explanation of the differences between procedural systems. In most jurisdictions, civil procedural regulations constitute a carefully designed system. Generally, a number of underlying principles, guidelines, theories and objectives can be identified that clarify and justify more specific rules of procedure. It will be argued that the main differences between legal systems flow from different political and theoretical views of those who determine and shape the form of the legal process. This contribution identifies the ideological influences on the rules of procedure in a number of influential jurisdictions.


Remme Verkerk
Remme Verkerk was Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. Presently he practices law at Houthoff Buruma.
Article

Access_open Slapende rechters, dwalende rechtspsychologen en het hypothetische karakter van feitelijke oordelen

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2010
Keywords psychology of law, criminal law, miscarriages of justice, hypothetical reasoning
Authors Klaas Rozemond
AbstractAuthor's information

    In their book De slapende rechter (The sleeping judge) Dutch legal psychologists W.A. Wagenaar, H. Israëls and P.J. van Koppen claim that Dutch judges wrongfully convict suspects in certain cases because these judges generally fail to understand the way hypothetical reasoning works in relation to empirical evidence. This article argues that Wagenaar, Israëls and Van Koppen are basically right in their claim that reasoning on evidence in criminal cases should have the form of hypothetical reasoning. However, they fail to apply this form of reasoning to their own analysis of Dutch criminal cases and the causes of wrongful convictions. Therefore, their conclusion that a form of revision of convictions outside of the criminal law system should be introduced does not meet their own methodological standards.


Klaas Rozemond
Klaas Rozemond is associate professor at the Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam.
Book Review

Access_open Veit Bader, Secularism or Democracy? Associational Governance of religious Diversity.

Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press 2007, 386 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords model, idee, democratie, vrijheid van godsdienst, financiering, autonomie, balans, discriminatie, dwang
Authors P. Loobuyck

P. Loobuyck
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 8

Chapeau voor de Antwerpse correctionele rechtbank!

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2007
Keywords prejudiciële rechtsvraag, vrijheid van godsdienst, openbare orde, discriminatie, gelijkheidsbeginsel, ongelijke behandeling, aanhangigheid, gelijke behandeling, gewoonterecht, handhaving
Authors K. Lemmens

K. Lemmens
Article

Access_open Lettres persanes 10

De Belgische morele openbare orde beschermd. Vroeger was het vrijer

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2007
Keywords noodzakelijkheid, onpartijdigheid, administratief recht, algemeen belang, burgerlijk recht, fiscaal recht, getuige, homohuwelijk, hulpmiddel, incompatibiliteit
Authors P. De Hert and K. Meerschaut

P. De Hert

K. Meerschaut
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 7

Willem I's rentree te Brussel. 175 Jaar scheiding België-Nederland en de verhoudingen tussen kerk en staat

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2006
Keywords regering, staatssteun, vrijheid van godsdienst, aanstelling, citaat, grondgebied, idee, minister van justitie, pleidooi, scheiding tussen kerk en staat
Authors A. Overbeeke

A. Overbeeke
Book Review

Access_open Mitchel de S. -O. -L'E. Lasser, Judicial Deliberations, A Comparative Analysis of Judicial Transparancy and Legitimacy,

Oxford: Oxford University Press 2004, 382 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords legitimiteit, advocaat-generaal, motivering, rechtspraak, hof van justitie EG, noodzakelijkheid, transparantie, democratie, minister van justitie, ouders
Authors M. Adams

M. Adams
Article

Access_open Na het referendum: waar gaan wij naartoe?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords verdrag, referendum, democratie, lidstaat, noodzakelijkheid, verlies, Europese unie, identiteit, pleidooi, idee
Authors T. Mertens

T. Mertens
Article

Access_open Wie zijn wij?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2005
Keywords moord, rechtsstaat, strafrecht, wetgeving, geweld, politie, pleidooi, misdrijf, motivering, opzet
Authors K. Rozemond

K. Rozemond
Article

Access_open De tijd van het recht. Mensenrechten tussen recht en politiek

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2005
Keywords belofte, rechterlijke macht, geweld, grondrecht, rechtsstaat, regering, slachtoffer, arrestatie, delinquent, illegaal
Authors F. Atria

F. Atria
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 5

De Belgische Grondwet, een model voor Europa? Over natie en identiteit

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2005
Keywords identiteit, gemeente, model, provincie, idee, inburgering, media, arrondissement, contract, democratie
Authors K. Lemmens

K. Lemmens
Article

Access_open Democratie als voorwaarde voor de rechtsstaat

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords rechtsstaat, democratie, bestuurder, noodzakelijkheid, voorwaarde, vrucht, wetgeving, idee, wettekst, zelfregulering
Authors P.C. Westerman

P.C. Westerman
Article

Access_open Paul Scholten en de 'rule of law'

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2004
Keywords rechtsstaat, echtscheiding, democratie, Europees hof voor de rechten van de mens, huwelijk, strafrecht, auteur, geschrift, geweld, idee
Authors W. Borst

W. Borst
Article

Access_open De gelaagde, belaagde, bedaagde rechtsstaat

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2003
Keywords rechtsstaat, bestuurder, rechterlijke macht, aanbeveling, fout, ministerie van justitie, aansprakelijkheid, arrangement, handhaving, model
Authors N.J.H. Huls

N.J.H. Huls
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