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Article

Access_open Religie op het werk?

Over positieve en negatieve godsdienstvrijheid bij private ondernemingen en tendensondernemingen

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2020
Authors Leni Franken and François Levrau
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this article we elaborate on the place of religion in the workplace. Does the individual freedom of religion imply that employers must always accommodate the religious claims of employees or can they boast a number of arguments allowing them to legitimately limit that freedom? And, conversely, do employers not also have a right to freedom of religion and a right to formulate certain religious expectations for their employees? In this contribution, we deal with these and related questions from a legal-philosophical perspective. The overall aim is to illustrate the extent to which univocal answers are jeopardized because of conceptual ambiguities. We first make a normative distinction between two strategies (i.e. difference-blind approach and difference-sensitive approach) and subsequently illustrate and elaborate on how and why these strategies can lead to different outcomes in legal cases. We illustrate the extent to which a contextual and proportional analysis can be a way out in theoretical and practical conundrums.


Leni Franken
Leni Franken is senior researcher and teaching assistant at the University of Antwerp.

François Levrau
François Levrau is senior researcher and teaching assistant at the University of Antwerp.

    In this article, we inquire the merits of criminalizing blasphemy. We argue that religious views do not warrant a separate treatment compared to nonreligious ones. In addition, freedom of speech must be balanced against the interest of those who may be aggrieved by blasphemous remarks. We conclude that penalizing blasphemy is undesirable. It is fortunate, in that light, that acts of blasphemy have recently been decriminalized in The Netherlands by removing blasphemy as an offense from the Criminal Code. Still, other provisions appear to leave enough room to reach the same result, making the removal a possibly virtually aesthetic change. In the international context, it would be regrettable for The Netherlands to forgo the opportunity to take a leading role.


Jasper Doomen
Jasper Doomen is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Mirjam van Schaik
Mirjam van Schaik is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Bertjan Wolthuis
Bertjan Wolthuis is Assistant Professor at the department of Legal Theory and Legal History at VU University Amsterdam.
Article

Access_open Constitutionele toetsing in een democratie zonder volk

Een kelseniaanse rechtvaardiging voor het Europees Hof van Justitie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2010
Keywords Kelsen, Democracy, Legitimacy, European Union, European Court of Justice
Authors Quoc Loc Hong
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article draws on Hans Kelsen’s theory of democracy to argue that, contrary to conventional wisdom, there is nothing fundamentally wrong with the democratic legitimacy of either the European Union (EU) or the European Court of Justice (ECJ). The legitimacy problems from which the EU in general and the ECJ in particular are alleged to suffer seem to result mainly from our rigid adherence to the outdated conception of democracy as popular self-legislation. Because we tend to approach the Union’s political and judicial practice from the perspective of this democracy conception, we are not able to observe what is blindingly obvious, that is, the viability and persistence of both this mega-leviathan and the highest court thereof. It is, therefore, imperative that we modernize and adjust our conception of democracy in order to comprehend the new reality to which these bodies have given rise, rather than to call for ‘reforms’ in a futile attempt to bring this reality into accordance with our ancient preconceptions about what democratic governance ought to be. Kelsen is the democratic theorist whose work has enabled us to venture into that direction.


Quoc Loc Hong
Quoc Loc Hong was a FWO Postdoctoral Fellow from 2007 to 2009 at the University of Antwerp. He is currently an independent researcher.
Article

Access_open Democratie als heteronome autonomie?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2008
Keywords raad van state, democratie, lidstaat, autonomie, verdrag, claim, Europees recht, innovatie, rechtsstaat, referendum
Authors H. Lindahl

H. Lindahl
Book Review

Access_open Olivier Beaud, Théorie de la Fédération.

Paris: Presses universitaire de France 2007, 433 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords Europese unie, idee, lidstaat, merk, akkoord, eindproduct, fout, levering, munitie, noodzakelijkheid
Authors T. Holterm

T. Holterm
Book Review

Access_open Walter van Gerven, The European Union. A Polity of States and Peoples.

Oxford and Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing 2005, 397 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2006
Keywords bestuurder, auteur, verdrag, Europese unie, legitimiteit, democratie, lidstaat, identiteit, referendum, aansprakelijkheid
Authors S. Dierckxsens

S. Dierckxsens
Article

Access_open Na het referendum: waar gaan wij naartoe?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords verdrag, referendum, democratie, lidstaat, noodzakelijkheid, verlies, Europese unie, identiteit, pleidooi, idee
Authors T. Mertens

T. Mertens
Article

Access_open Grondwet en democratie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2005
Keywords verdrag, referendum, lidstaat, constitutie, regering, democratie, Europese unie, identiteit, schade, vervreemding
Authors W. Veraart

W. Veraart
Book Review

Access_open Wibren van der Burg, Dynamisch recht. De interactie tussen recht, ethiek en samenleving (oratie Tilburg)

Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2001, 46 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords Europees hof voor de rechten van de mens, verdrag, model, pleidooi, rechtspraak, citaat, diefstal, goede zeden, homoseksualiteit, lidstaat
Authors A. Soeteman

A. Soeteman
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