Search result: 21 articles

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Article

Access_open Moet de strafrechter ook de scheidsrechter zijn van het publieke debat?

De scheiding der machten in het licht van de vrijheid van meningsuiting voor volksvertegenwoordigers

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2020
Keywords Freedom of speech, Separation of powers, Criminal law, Hate speech, Legal certainty
Authors Jip Stam
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article contains a critical review of the provisions in the Dutch penal code regarding group defamation and hate speech. It is argued that not only these provisions themselves but also their application by the Dutch supreme court, constitutes a problem for the legitimacy and functioning of representative democracy. This is due to the tendency of the supreme court to employ special constraints for offensive, hateful or discriminatory speech by politicians. Because such a special constraint is not provided or even implied by the legislator, the jurisprudence of the supreme court is likely to end up in judicial overreach and therefore constitutes a potential – if not actual – breach in the separation of powers. In order to forestall these consequences, the protection of particularly political speech should be improved, primarily by a revision of the articles 137c and 137d of the Dutch penal code or the extension of parliamentary immunity.


Jip Stam
Jip Stam is onderzoeker en docent bij de afdeling Encyclopedie van de rechtswetenschap aan de Leidse rechtenfaculteit.
Discussion

Access_open Naar een kritische en relevante rechtstheorie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2019
Keywords grondslagen, normatief systeem, buitenstaanderperspectief, empirisch perspectief
Authors Pauline Westerman
AbstractAuthor's information

    Een pleidooi om de eeuwige zoektocht naar abstracte normatieve grondslagen te staken en op zoek te gaan naar de voorwaarden voor het ontstaan en voortbestaan van normatieve systemen vanuit een buitenstaandersperspectief dat conceptuele anayse verbindt met historische en sociologische inzichten.


Pauline Westerman
Pauline Westerman is hoogleraar Rechtsfilosofie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Book Review

Access_open Lukas van den Berge, Bestuursrecht tussen autonomie en verhouding. Naar een relationeel bestuursrecht

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2019
Keywords autonoom bestuursrecht, relationeel bestuursrecht, wederkerige rechtsbetrekking, publiekrecht, privaatrecht
Authors Richard Neerhof
Author's information

Richard Neerhof
Richard Neerhof is hoogleraar bestuursrecht, in het bijzonder normalisatie, certificatie en accreditatie, aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

    In this article, we inquire the merits of criminalizing blasphemy. We argue that religious views do not warrant a separate treatment compared to nonreligious ones. In addition, freedom of speech must be balanced against the interest of those who may be aggrieved by blasphemous remarks. We conclude that penalizing blasphemy is undesirable. It is fortunate, in that light, that acts of blasphemy have recently been decriminalized in The Netherlands by removing blasphemy as an offense from the Criminal Code. Still, other provisions appear to leave enough room to reach the same result, making the removal a possibly virtually aesthetic change. In the international context, it would be regrettable for The Netherlands to forgo the opportunity to take a leading role.


Jasper Doomen
Jasper Doomen is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Mirjam van Schaik
Mirjam van Schaik is verbonden als docent/onderzoeker aan de afdeling Encyclopedie van de Rechtswetenschap van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.
Article

Access_open De Drittwirkung van grondrechten

Retorisch curiosum of vaandel van een paradigmatische omwenteling in ons rechtsbestel?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2012
Keywords Drittwirkung, horizontal effect of human rights, constitutionalisation of private law
Authors Stefan Somers
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article discusses whether the horizontal effect of human rights marks a new paradigm in legal systems or is merely a new style in legal rhetoric. In doing so, much attention is paid to the differences between direct and indirect horizontal effect. Departing from social contract theory the article explains that the protection of human right values in horizontal relations is an essential feature of modern constitutionalism. It also analyses whether these values in horizontal relations should be protected by private law or by human rights. This question is looked at from a substantial, a methodological and an institutional perspective. In the end, because of institutional power balancing, the article argues in favor of an indirect horizontal effect of human rights.


Stefan Somers
Stefan Somers is a researcher at the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies at the VUB (Free University of Brussels) and prepares a PhD on the relationship between human rights and tort law.
Article

Access_open Hoe neutraal is kerkfinanciering?

Kritische analyse van het Belgische erkennings- en ondersteuningsbeleid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2012
Keywords liberalism, neutrality, church-state policy, (anti)perfectionism, Belgium
Authors Leni Franken and Patrick Loobuyck
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this article, the authors explore how active state support for religions and worldviews could be in accordance with the principle of liberal neutrality. They focus on the Belgian church-state policy because this policy is characterised by an explicit and extended form of active support for recognised worldviews. If this policy is in accordance with liberal neutrality, some other, weaker forms of state support for religions and worldviews may also be in accordance with this neutrality principle. In the light of these considerations, the authors make some suggestions about possible ways to bring the Belgian church-state policy more in accordance with liberal neutrality.


Leni Franken
Leni Franken is a researcher at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp, where she prepares a PhD on church, state and neutrality.

Patrick Loobuyck
Patrick Loobuyck is Associate Professor at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp and guest professor at the Department of Philosophy and Moral Science at Ghent University.
Article

Access_open Is de vrijheid van godsdienst in de moderne multiculturele samenleving nog een hanteerbaar recht?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2010
Keywords freedom of religion, human rights, human dignity, traditional religion, unequal treatment
Authors Koo van der Wal
AbstractAuthor's information

    There are two fundamental problems with regard to the freedom of religion. The first concerns the content and scope of the right; the second, a possible unequal treatment between population groups. The first problem can only be dealt with by a preliminary analysis of the religious phenomenon, which precedes a legal definition. It turns out that there is a range of different types of religion, with on the one hand traditional forms of religion which are narrowly interwoven with the culture in question (all kinds of ‘cultural’ practices possessing a religious dimension), and on the other forms of religion which loosen to a considerable extent the ties between culture and religion. Evidently, the former types of religion cause problems in modern society. An additional problem is that freedom of religion as a modern basic right rests on a view of human being – including the idea of the inherent dignity and autonomy of the human person – which is at odds with the symbolic universe of traditional religion. The conclusion of the article is that in the modern pluralist society freedom of religion is on its way to becoming, or already has become, an unmanageable right. So the problems arising around this right (including that of unequal treatment) can only be solved in a pragmatic, not really satisfactory way. In that context, modern humanitarian standards should be observed in the implementation of the right of freedom of religion because fundamental human rights are connected with a specific concept of humanity.


Koo van der Wal
Koo van der Wal is emeritus professor of Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and the Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Article

Access_open Het normatieve karakter van de rechtswetenschap: recht als oordeel

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2009
Keywords legal theory, science, methodology, normativity, knowledge
Authors Prof. mr. Carel Smith
AbstractAuthor's information

    Propositions of law are based upon normative judgement. The interpretation and application of legal provisions rest upon a judgement that determines which weight must be attributed to some point of view or perspective. In this respect, legal theory has a normative character. Its normative character does not preclude legal theory from being a scientific discipline. The scientific character of legal theory is not located in the possibility of testing the correctness of its theories. Rather, legal theory owes it scientific character to the shared standards of production and evaluation of legal arguments: the grammar of justice.


Prof. mr. Carel Smith
Carel Smith is associate professor at the Department of Metajuridica, Faculty of Law, Leiden University.
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 13

Res publica en rechtsstaat: vrijheid in een onvolmaakte samenleving – Pleidooi voor een functionele (niet te bevlogen) grondwet

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2009
Keywords Vlaanderen, constitutie, Grondwet, fundamentele vrijheden
Authors Matthias Storme
AbstractAuthor's information

    In light of the possibility that Belgium could fall apart in coming years this contribution argues that it is time to reflect on a constitution for Flanders: What are the characteristics of a good constitution? A good constitution would entrench fundamental freedoms, which are historically rooted in society. Moreover, it obliges the government to maintain and enforce the laws, preventing abuse of power and corruption. Finally, a functioning constitution stands above temporary interests of partisan politics, and should not be used as a means to encumber future generations with our ideological choices.


Matthias Storme
Matthias Storme is advocaat aan de balie van Brussel en buitengewoon hoogleraar aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 8

Chapeau voor de Antwerpse correctionele rechtbank!

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2007
Keywords prejudiciële rechtsvraag, vrijheid van godsdienst, openbare orde, discriminatie, gelijkheidsbeginsel, ongelijke behandeling, aanhangigheid, gelijke behandeling, gewoonterecht, handhaving
Authors K. Lemmens

K. Lemmens
Book Review

Access_open J. Bröhmer, Transparenz als Verfassungsprinzip. Grundgesetz und Europäische Union.

Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck) 2004, xx + 422 p. / B. Grzeszick, Rechte und Ansprüche. Eine Rekonstruktion des Staatshaftungsrechts aus

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2006
Keywords auteur, transparantie, aansprakelijkheid, bestuurder, overeenkomst, wettekst, algemeen rechtsbeginsel, beleidsregel, brancheorganisatie, burgerlijk recht
Authors H. Gribnau

H. Gribnau
Article

Access_open Rechtswetenschap - disciplinair en interdisciplinair

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2005
Keywords model, constitutie, rechtsmacht, bewijsmateriaal, levering, statuut, noodzakelijkheid, bewijslast, overeenkomst, wettekst
Authors B. Roermund

B. Roermund
Article

Access_open Oordelen op tegenspraak. Over de rationaliteit van het rechterlijk oordeel

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2005
Keywords rechtsstaat, idee, motivering, rechtspraak, erkenning, werknemer, aansprakelijkheid, claim, kwaliteit, noodzakelijkheid
Authors M.A. Loth

M.A. Loth
Book Review

Access_open G. Agamben, Etat d'exception.

Homo Sacer, II, 1, Parijs: Seuil 2003, 152 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords bestuurder, bedreiging, gemeentebestuur, grondrecht, legaliteit, noodtoestand, opschorting, vermoeden, gedetineerde, idee
Authors T. Holterman

T. Holterman
Article

Access_open Lettres Persanes 3

Grondwettigheidstoetsing door de rechter: Aristoteles of Montesquieu?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2004
Keywords scheiding der machten, grondrecht, noodzakelijkheid, idee, machtenscheiding, gelijkheidsbeginsel, onpartijdigheid, rechterlijke macht, uitvoerende macht, wet in formele zin
Authors M. Adams

M. Adams
Article

Access_open De gelaagde, belaagde, bedaagde rechtsstaat

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2003
Keywords rechtsstaat, bestuurder, rechterlijke macht, aanbeveling, fout, ministerie van justitie, aansprakelijkheid, arrangement, handhaving, model
Authors N.J.H. Huls

N.J.H. Huls
Article

Access_open Vrijheid of gelijkheid? De nieuwe Belgische anti-discriminatiewet en de soevereiniteit in eigen kring

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2003
Keywords gelijkheidsbeginsel, horizontale werking, belangenafweging, discriminatie, gelijke behandeling, autonomie, discriminatieverbod, grondrecht, noodzakelijkheid, pleidooi
Authors M. Adams

M. Adams
Article

Access_open Inclusieve universaliteit. Een theoretisch en methodologisch kader om inzake mensenrechten universaliteit te verzoenen met diversiteit

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2003
Keywords verdrag, erkenning, claim, regering, auteur, bedreiging, internationaal verdrag, kind, Verenigde Naties, vertegenwoordiger
Authors E. Brems

E. Brems
Article

Access_open Importhuwelijken en overheidsbeleid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2002
Keywords huwelijk, kind, betaling, grondrecht, ouders, onderwijs, profijtbeginsel, akkoord, auto, autonomie
Authors M. Trappenburg

M. Trappenburg
Article

Access_open Conservatisme in de eenentwintigste eeuw

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2002
Keywords democratie, nalatenschap, auteur, rechtsstaat, voorrecht, bewijslast, idee, levering, ouders, pleidooi
Authors J.M. Piret

J.M. Piret
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