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Article

Access_open The Enemy of All Humanity

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2018
Keywords hostis generis humani, piracy, crimes against humanity, universal jurisdiction, radical evil
Authors David Luban
AbstractAuthor's information

    Trationally, the term “enemy of all humanity” (hostis generis humani) referred to pirates. In contemporary international criminal law, it refers to perpetrators of crimes against humanity and other core. This essay traces the evolution of the concept, and then offers an analysis that ties it more closely to ancient tyrants than to pirates. Some object that the label is dehumanizing, and justifies arbitrary killing of the “enemy of humanity.” The essay admits the danger, but defends the concept if it is restricted to fair trials. Rather than dehumanizing its target, calling the hostis generis humani to account in a court of law is a way of recognizing that radical evil can be committed by humans no different from any of us.


David Luban
David Luban is University Professor in Law and Philosophy at Georgetown University.
Article

Access_open Kelsen, Secular Religion, and the Problem of Transcendence

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2015
Keywords Kelsen, secular religion, Voegelin, Schmitt, transcendence
Authors professor Bert van Roermund
AbstractAuthor's information

    An alleged ‘return to religion’ in contemporary western politics (and science) prompted the Trustees of the Hans Kelsen Institut to posthumously publish Kelsen’s critique of the concept of ‘secular religion’ advanced by his early student Eric Voegelin. This paper identifies, firstly, what concept of transcendence is targeted by Kelsen, and argues that his analysis leaves scope for other conceptions. It does so in two steps: it summarizes the arguments against ‘secular religion’ (section 2) and it gives an account of the differences between Voegelin’s and Schmitt’s conception of transcendence – both under attack from Kelsen (section 3). It then submits an alternative account of the relationship between politics and religion in Modernity, building on the concept of a ‘civil religion’ as found in Rousseau’s Social Contract. Giving a Rousseauist slant to Claude Lefort’s analysis of political theology (section 4) it concludes that a thin concept of transcendence is part and parcel of every, in particular a democratic, account of politics. It should be a stronghold against any resurgence of religion that feeds on hypostatized transcendence. In closing (section 5), it is argued that two key concepts in Kelsen’s legal philosophy may well be understood as paradigms of thin transcendence, namely ‘the people’ and ‘the Grundnorm’.


professor Bert van Roermund
Bert van Roermund is professor (em.) of philosophy at Tilburg Law School and international correspondent of the Hans Kelsen Institute in Vienna.
Article

Access_open A <i>Decisionist</i> Approach to Democratic Political Order

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2008
Keywords claim, leasing, contract, E-business, interest, binding, dictum, elektronisch geld, identiteit
Authors M. Terpstra

M. Terpstra
Article

Access_open Can Terrorism Be Fought within the Boundaries of the Rule of Law? - A Review of Recent Literature in Political Philosophy

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2007
Keywords kind, claim, making, leasing, rechtsstaat, auto, binding, character, democratie, dictum
Authors B. Klink and O. Lembcke

B. Klink

O. Lembcke

B. Klink
Article

Access_open Conservatisme in de eenentwintigste eeuw

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2002
Keywords democratie, nalatenschap, auteur, rechtsstaat, voorrecht, bewijslast, idee, levering, ouders, pleidooi
Authors J.M. Piret

J.M. Piret
Article

Access_open Kant on 'Selbständigkeit'

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2002
Keywords model, character, E-business, claim, hinder, leasing, making, binding, concern, dictum
Authors C. Dierksmeier

C. Dierksmeier
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