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Article

Access_open Constitutionalism and the Incompleteness of Democracy: An Iterative Relationship

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2010
Keywords constitutionalism, globalization, democracy, modernity, postnational
Authors Neil Walker
AbstractAuthor's information

    The complexity of the relationship between democracy and modern constitutionalism is revealed by treating democracy as an incomplete ideal. This refers both to the empirical incompleteness of democracy as unable to supply its own terms of application – the internal dimension – and to the normative incompleteness of democracy as guide to good government – the external dimension. Constitutionalism is a necessary response to democratic incompleteness – seeking to realize (the internal dimension) and to supplement and qualify democracy (the external dimension). How democratic incompleteness manifests itself, and how constitutionalism responds to incompleteness evolves and alters, revealing the relationship between constitutionalism and democracy as iterative. The paper concentrates on the iteration emerging from the current globalizing wave. The fact that states are no longer the exclusive sites of democratic authority compounds democratic incompleteness and complicates how constitutionalism responds. Nevertheless, the key role of constitutionalism in addressing the double incompleteness of democracy persists under globalization. This continuity reflects how the deep moral order of political modernity, in particular the emphasis on individualism, equality, collective agency and progress, remains constant while its institutional architecture, including the forms of its commitment to democracy, evolves. Constitutionalism, itself both a basic orientation and a set of design principles for that architecture, remains a necessary support for and supplement to democracy. Yet post-national constitutionalism, even more than its state-centred predecessor, remains contingent upon non-democratic considerations, so reinforcing constitutionalism’s normative and sociological vulnerability. This conclusion challenges two opposing understandings of the constitutionalism of the global age – that which indicts global constitutionalism because of its weakened democratic credentials and that which assumes that these weakened democratic credentials pose no problem for post-national constitutionalism, which may instead thrive through a heightened emphasis on non-democratic values.


Neil Walker
Neil Walker is Regius Professor of Public Law and the Law of Nature and Nations at the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Discussion

Access_open The Co-originality of Law and Democracy in the Moral Horizon of Modernity

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2010
Keywords co-originality, deliberative democracy, Habermas, Lefort, modernity
Authors Stefan Rummens
AbstractAuthor's information

    This paper argues that Neil Walker’s analysis of the complementary relationship between democracy and constitutionalism remains one-sided. It focuses only on the incompleteness of democracy and the democracy-realizing function of constitutionalism rather than also taking into account the reverse complementary and constitution-realizing function of democracy. In this paper, I defend a fuller account that takes into account this mutual complementarity between democracy and constitutionalism. Such an alternative approach is consequential for Walker’s argument in two respects. In terms of the general analysis of the relationship between democracy and constitutionalism, my adjusted approach leads to a defence of the Habermasian thesis of the co-originality of constitutionalism and democracy which is too quickly dismissed by Walker himself. A fuller appreciation of this co-originality suggests that the relationship between constitutionalism and democracy is perhaps, after all, more singularly complementary (as opposed to being both complementary and oppositional) than Walker recognizes. In terms of the more specific analysis of the impact of globalization, this adjusted approach tilts the argument in favour of the critics of current practices of postnational constitutionalism. Without complementary postnational democratic structures, this constitutionalism remains problematic and potentially oppressive.


Stefan Rummens
Stefan Rummens is Assistant Professor of Political Theory at the Institute for Management Research of the Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
Article

Access_open Constitutionele toetsing in een democratie zonder volk

Een kelseniaanse rechtvaardiging voor het Europees Hof van Justitie

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2010
Keywords Kelsen, Democracy, Legitimacy, European Union, European Court of Justice
Authors Quoc Loc Hong
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article draws on Hans Kelsen’s theory of democracy to argue that, contrary to conventional wisdom, there is nothing fundamentally wrong with the democratic legitimacy of either the European Union (EU) or the European Court of Justice (ECJ). The legitimacy problems from which the EU in general and the ECJ in particular are alleged to suffer seem to result mainly from our rigid adherence to the outdated conception of democracy as popular self-legislation. Because we tend to approach the Union’s political and judicial practice from the perspective of this democracy conception, we are not able to observe what is blindingly obvious, that is, the viability and persistence of both this mega-leviathan and the highest court thereof. It is, therefore, imperative that we modernize and adjust our conception of democracy in order to comprehend the new reality to which these bodies have given rise, rather than to call for ‘reforms’ in a futile attempt to bring this reality into accordance with our ancient preconceptions about what democratic governance ought to be. Kelsen is the democratic theorist whose work has enabled us to venture into that direction.


Quoc Loc Hong
Quoc Loc Hong was a FWO Postdoctoral Fellow from 2007 to 2009 at the University of Antwerp. He is currently an independent researcher.
Hoofdartikel

Access_open Responsibility Incorporated

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2009
Keywords corporate agency, corporate responsibility, collective responsibility
Authors prof. Philip Pettit
AbstractAuthor's information

    Incorporated groups include businesses, universities, churches and the like. Organized to act as single centers of agency, they also routinely satisfy the three conditions that make an agent fit to be held responsible: they face significant choices, can recognize the relative value of different options, and are able to choose in sensitivity to such values. But is it redundant to hold a corporate agent responsible for something, when certain members are also held responsible for the individual parts they play? No it is not, for it is often possible for a corporate entity to be fully fit to be held responsible, when this is not true of the individual members; they may be able to make excuses that are not available at the corporate level. Does the case made for corporate responsibility extend to unincorporated collectivities like nations or religions? Not strictly but it does explain why it may be sensible to treat those collectivities as if they had corporate responsibility in certain domains.


prof. Philip Pettit
Philip Pettit is the Laurence S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Human Values at Princeton University.
Article

Access_open Between Decision and Deliberation: Political Paradox in Democratic Theory

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2008
Keywords contract, model, claim, aftappen, character, interest, kind, concern, leasing, bear
Authors B. Honig

B. Honig
Book Review

Access_open Veit Bader, Secularism or Democracy? Associational Governance of religious Diversity.

Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press 2007, 386 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2008
Keywords model, idee, democratie, vrijheid van godsdienst, financiering, autonomie, balans, discriminatie, dwang
Authors P. Loobuyck

P. Loobuyck
Article

Access_open Een interview met Michael Walzer

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2007
Keywords claim, bank, elektronisch geld, kind, leasing, concern, houdstervennootschap, introductie, making, model
Authors R. Janse and J.M. Piret

R. Janse

J.M. Piret
Article

Access_open Separation, Integration and Citizenship, reply to Glenn

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2006
Keywords claim, identiteit, model, subsidie, binding, democratie, interest, joint venture, leasing
Authors R. Pinxten

R. Pinxten
Article

Access_open Hannah Arendt: Law and Politics

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2003
Keywords democratie, aansprakelijkheid, constitutie, identiteit, rechtspraak, schakelfunctie, schuldsanering, voorwaarde
Authors T. Hol

T. Hol
Article

Access_open Hoofddoeken in Holland. Een verkenning van een contextuele benadering van een multicultureel conflict

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2002
Keywords stagiair, onderwijs, schikking, gelijke behandeling, identiteit, vrijheid van godsdienst, personeel, verbod, erkenning, leerling
Authors S. Saharso and O. Verhaar

S. Saharso

O. Verhaar
Article

Access_open Een verdediging van het multiculturalisme vanuit een liberaal-egalitair perspectief

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2002
Keywords claim, repartitie, idee, concern, kind, seksuele geaardheid, compensatie, model, autonomie, identiteit
Authors R. Pierik

R. Pierik
Article

Access_open Kant on 'Selbständigkeit'

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2002
Keywords model, character, E-business, claim, hinder, leasing, making, binding, concern, dictum
Authors C. Dierksmeier

C. Dierksmeier
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